Dog Mange

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Dog mange is a skin condition caused by tiny mites. Find out about the different types of mange in dogs also known as canine scabies.

 

Mites in dogs are medically referred to as mange. However, veterinarians and dog owners more commonly call mange canine scabies.

 

Mange is a type of skin disease caused by small, microscopic mites that invade the dog's body. These parasites can cause several types of health concerns for your pets, characterized by severe itching and eventual hair loss.

 

Mites normally attack in large numbers. They also reproduce massively on the surface of the dog's skin. They feed on the nutrients of their host's body and that is the reason for skin outbreaks. Oftentimes, the disease will manifest on the lower limbs, lips, and eyes.

 

There are different types of mange. Sarcoptic mange, demodectic mange, and cheyletiella mange are the most common types of mange.

 

Certain breeds of dogs are prone to a particular type of mange. Sarcoptic mites are the smallest, while the cheyletiella mites are the largest species. Sarcoptic mites are invisible to the naked eye while cheyletiella mites can be seen walking on the dog's skin.

 

Mange may be localized or generalized. Localized mange occurs on certain parts of the dog's body. The parts most prone to the parasites are the feet, ears, and the face. On the other hand, generalized mange means that the whole body of the dog is already affected. This is the most severe type of mange infection and treating such a disease doesn't always promise good results.

 

Some types of mange are not contagious for humans, although most of them are. Humans can get infected through direct contact. Fortunately, the mites that causes mange in dogs can't reproduce on human skin as abundantly as they do on a dog's skin.

 

When mange has successfully transferred to human skin, itching and irritation would occur. However, it will heal eventually, after all the mites have died. Even so, humans should be well aware that their pets are suffering intense pain and discomfort when are infected with mites.

 

The proper treatment of mange starts with the vet determining what type of mange has infected your pet. Only then they can prescribe the proper type of medication.

 

Treat mange the moment it is detected on your pet. Ignoring it may only worsen the situation.

 

Keep in mind that treating generalized mange is not always successful. It may kill your pet, especially if the medications are used too late in the infection.

 

The key to a mange-free pet is to keep it healthy and hygienic. Pets that are always pampered and are kept in a clean community are not susceptible to mites and other skin diseases. It also pays to visit the veterinarian regularly. Let the experts monitor the health of your dog to help prevent similar harmful and contagious diseases.

 

Sarcoptic Mange

Sarcoptic mange in dogs, one of the most destructive and contagious types of parasites.

 

Sarcoptic Mange In Dogs - Sarcoptic Mange Symptoms, Causes, Treatment And Pictures. Sarcoptic Mange: What it is and How Severe it Can Get

 

Sarcoptic mites cause sarcoptic mange. These mites are one of the most contagious types of parasites and are not visible to the human eye. As such, only a high power microscope can detect them. These mites affect not just dogs but other four-legged animals as well.

 

Sarcoptic mites burrow themselves into the outer layers of the dog's skin. A single sarcoptic mite can live for as long as 22 days. Its entire lifespan is spent on the host, which in this case, is your pet. They reproduce massively and can cover the surface of your dog's skin if left untreated. A single sarcoptic mite can proliferate to a number that is enough to cause severe skin lesions on your dog.

 

Sarcoptic mites are one of the most destructive parasites because they can spread throughout the entire body, causing life-threatening skin diseases.

 

Due to the constant scratching, dogs with sarcoptic mange will eventually develop dry, scaly, and crusty skin. This is the most common symptom of sarcoptic dog mange. Soon enough, hair loss on the affected part will occur, exposing the wounded part of the skin.

 

Sarcoptic mange usually develops on the ears, head, face, abdomen, and limbs of the dog. Take note that sarcoptic mites are very contagious, even to humans. They can also live outside the host for a certain period of time. Therefore, it is possible to catch this disease even if there's no direct contact with an affected animal at all. It is a good thing that these mites can't thrive on human skin. They can live on your skin for some time, but will eventually die because they can't reproduce there, and there's not enough nourishment for them.

 

As sarcoptic mites increase in volume, sarcoptic mange develops. Sarcoptic mange is a type of skin disease that is characterized by itchiness, reddening, and inflammation. Dogs with this disease tend to scratch a lot, chew on the affected parts of their body, or rub themselves against abrasive objects.

 

Sarcoptic mange requires full veterinarian intervention to cure. It is never advisable for pet owners to carry their own line of treatment for their dogs. Localized sarcoptic mange can easily transform into generalized sarcoptic mange if not treated right away, which is much harder to cure.

 

To prevent sarcoptic mange from occurring on your pets, make sure that you keep them clean and healthy at all times. Proper hygiene and fresh bedding is the best defense against sarcoptic mites. Also, keep your pet's immune system strong. Only then you can be assured that their own body defenses can whisk away the threats of sarcoptic mange, even without your help.

 

Demodectic Mange

Demodectic mange (Demodex canis), also called Red Mange is a type of skin disease caused by mites, more particularly the demodex canis mites. Veterinarians say that this disease is most common in puppies aged 3 to 9 months old.

 

There are different reasons why puppies contract this disease. Oftentimes, it is due to the failure or weakness of the dog's immune system. Studies show that the disease may also be hereditary.

Demodectic mange is not as severe as sarcoptic mange. Puppies that have acquired the disease may even spontaneously recover from it as they mature and their immune systems get stronger. Then again, the transition from a small puppy to an adult dog may bring about a demodectic mange attack in some breeds of dogs.

The change in a dog's habits may trigger the disease. It may also occur if there is a need to change from one living area to another. Sometimes, your pet's system is not prepared for certain environmental changes or for the slightest alterations to its hygienic practices. These are the instances when the dogs are most prone to demodectic mange.

Puppies suffering from demodectic mange usually have reddened feet or faces. The actual parts where the skin disorder affects your dog will be exposed. That means that there is total hair loss around those areas.

Demodectic dog mange may progress from just a patch in the dog's ear and then cover the entire surface of their skin. This will definitely happen if the proper medications are not provided to the dog immediately. When the disease has spread all over, it becomes much harder for a veterinarian to control it.

The main difference between demodectic mange and sarcoptic mange is itchiness.

Sarcoptic mange, on the other hand, is very itchy, forcing your dog to scratch all over. Demodectic mange may not be itchy, but it is a discomfort to your dog just the same. Additionally, demodectic mange is not contagious.

Generally speaking, demodectic mange is not a life-threatening disease. However, you still need to take your dog to the vet once you see the symptoms. Demodectic mange is very similar to sarcoptic mange and it is impossible to tell the two diseases apart.

Let the vet perform the proper diagnosis so that the right course of treatment will be carried out. This is the best possible thing that you can do for your dog.

 

Cheyletiella Mange

Cheyletiella Mange In Dogs - Cheyletiella Mites - The Walking Dandruff in Dog

Of all the mites and skin disease your dog might acquire, Cheyletiella mange could just be the most discomforting of all. Unlike other mites, cheyletiella mites are visible to the naked eye. Your dogs can certainly feel them walking on their skins and under their hair.

Cheyletiella mites are referred to as the walking dandruff because of the flakes and the scales they produce. If you happen to look at them very closely, the flakes will appear to move from one place to another.

Cheyletiella mange is very similar to sarcoptic mange. The only difference between the two is their size. Cheyletiella mange is also very itchy.
Like sarcoptic, it causes scaling, crustiness, and hair loss around the affected area. Cheyletiella mites usually attack the neck, head, and back of dogs.

Cheyletiella mange is highly contagious. Dogs can easily acquire the disease through contact with another animal that also has the disease.

Cats and other four-legged pets can be affected by cheyletiella mange as well. Just one cheyletiella mite penetrating the fur of your dog is enough to trigger an infestation. These parasites can reproduce greatly until they reach a number that can severely harm your pet.

As a pet owner, you should be concerned about cheyletiella mites as well. Humans can be temporarily affected by mites if they find their way to your skin. However, they won't live long, and won't reproduce on human skin as much as it does on animal skin. You would merely experience itchiness and redness on your skin.
This would eventually go away after the lifespan of the mite has ended. Cheyletiella mites also have the ability to live outside of the host for a short period of time. Therefore, it is possible to acquire the disease even without direct contact with an affected animal.

Both puppies and adult dogs may acquire cheyletiella mange. Pet owners are very much advised to take their pets to the veterinarian when the first signs of the disease show. The course of treatment always depends upon the extent of the disease. A veterinarian should be able to decide if your dog needs oral medications like antibiotics, or if dipping in an anti-mites solution will suffice.

However, prevention is always better than a cure. Dogs with strong immune systems are not susceptible to cheyletiella mange. This means that if you feed your dog right, keep it in a healthy environment, and provide the best hygiene, you should not worry about cheyletiella attacks on your four-legged friend.

Otodectic Mange In Dogs

If your vet were to tell you that your dog has otodectic mange in dogs, would you know what he or she was talking about? Probably not. But if the vet told you that your dog was suffering from ear mites, this might make a lot more sense. In fact, you would probably conjure up a picture of tiny things inside the dog’s ears chewing away like crazy. And you’d be close to right.

 

What causes otodectic mange in dogs?

Of the several types of dog mange, otodectic mange is one of the easiest to spot. The villain is Otodectes cynotis, a tiny parasite that can be found hiding deep in your dog’s external ear canal. Your dog can suffer a hypersensitive reaction from having just a few of these mites in its ear or ears. This is because the Otodectes cynotis mites feed by piercing the dog’s skin, which can make your dog itch like crazy. In fact, of the types of dog mange, otodectic mange – or ear mites – is relatively easy to diagnose because the dog will show violent ear scratching and head shaking.

How does a dog get otodectic mange in dogs?

Otodectic mange in dogs - or dog ear mites often affects young dogs that live outside where they can come in close contact with an animal that has otodectic mange. It is highly contagious. This means that if your dog comes down with a case of this dog mange, you will also need to treat any other animals in the house.

Symptoms of otodectic mange in dogs

It is not difficult to notice the symptoms of this type of mange in dogs. As noted above, two of the main ones are violent head shaking and ear scratching. In addition to these symptoms, one or both of the dog’s ears may droop. There may also be a discharge from the dog’s ears that is waxy, crumbly, dry and dark brown – sort of like coffee grounds. Plus, the dog’s earflaps may look red, crusted, excoriated and scabbed. You may also notice a bad odor coming from the dog’s ears as the result of a secondary infection. And, in the worst of cases, the disease can actually perforate the tympanic membrane.

Diagnosing otodectic mange in dogs

It is so easy to diagnose this form of mange in dogs that you can actually do it yourself. In fact, all you need to do is remove a specimen of the dog’s earwax with a cotton-tipped applicator and then examine it against a black background with a magnifying glass. If you see tiny white specs about the size of the head of a pin moving around, then you’ve seen the Otodectes cynotis mites. And you now know that your dog has otodectic mange.

Treatment of otodectic mange in dogs

Treating this form of mange in dogs is relatively simple. But be forewarned. It is so contagious that you will also have to treat any other animal in the house, as well as the dog’s bedding – to prevent infesting the other animal or re-infesting the dog.

To treat the dog for otodectic mange means you must first clean out the ears, using a cotton-tipped swab. You should do this while bathing the dog and make sure water gets into its ears. It may not like this but it is critical. If you leave any wax or cellular debris in the dog’s ears, you will be giving the mites a place to hide out from the ear medication you will use next and, thus, defeat the entire treatment process.

Next, you will need to treat the ears with whichever medication is prescribed by your veterinarian. This will be a miticide, probably one containing pyrethrins and thiabendazole. Nolvamite, Cerumite, Mitox, Tresaderm and Acarex are the ear medications most often prescribed to treat this mange in dogs. Tresaderm may be a better answer than the other four as it contains not just a miticide but also an antibiotic and a steroid to relieve the itching.

As an alternative to a using a miticide, you can treat the dog’s ears with the anti-flea product Revolution├é┬« as it has proved to be effective against ear mites. Some vets treat this form of mange in dogs with the drug Ivemectin. But since this represents an “off label” use of the drug, your vet will need to carefully monitor the treatment.

These treatments can fail if you do not treat the entire dog. This is because the ear mites can also live on the tip of the pinna and the base of the tail. What’s more, they are likely to leave the dog’s ears during treatment and migrate to other places. To make sure this does not happen, you will need to continue treating the entire dog for four weeks with a pyrethrin-based shampoo, a pyrethrin-based flea powder or the Revolution. Whichever of these treatments you choose, be sure to follow all the instructions on the label and complete the entire course of treatment. You will also need to treat any other animal in the house with which the dog has had contact.

The good news is that otodectic mange in dogs is an easy mange to treat. So if you see your dog has become infested with the Otodectes cynotis mites, just get out that cotton-tipped applicator and get to work. Your dog will love you for it.

 

Causes of Mange
Mange in dogs causes It is believed that all dogs may have parasites on their skin. However, the dogs that are given good hygiene and are kept in a healthy community tend to develop a better immune system that can handle parasite infestations.

As such, the mites that cause mange will not thrive in a well-kept dog's body at all. If ever they invade the skin, the dog's antibodies will activate, and hunt them down. Therefore, they can't proliferate as much as they will in the body of dogs with a low immune response.


The main cause of dog mange is the unhealthy environment the dogs live in. Mites are always on the prowl, waiting to strike dogs that are not given baths regularly. Most mites are contagious. This means that the mere association of your pet with other dogs in the park that have the disease may make your dog susceptible to the disease.

Immunodeficiency is one of the causes of proliferation of dog mange. The dogs that are prone to mites are the dogs whose body defenses are not very well-developed.

Older dogs are more vulnerable to mange than the younger dogs.

However, puppies and older-aged dogs can acquire the disease as well.

Further research about mange in dogs has also revealed that the disease could be hereditary. As such, dog breeds that have a history of exposure to mange are most likely to develop this condition.
This means that if the mother of your puppies has acquired the disease once in her lifetime, proper precautions should be taken to make sure that the puppies will not be affected by mange.

Mange in dogs gets very severe because female mites lay eggs several times when they burrow. Each time a mite lays eggs, a new set of larvae surfaces. Depending on the conditions, mites can live up to 22 days.
They reproduce faster than their lifespan and that is the main reason why most dogs tend to suffer so much before finally recovering or succumbing to the disease. It is only during the colder seasons that mites have a shorter life span. They can live anywhere from two to six days, which is up to eleven times shorter than normal.

Mange in dogs is highly contagious. Some dogs don't even have to go into direct contact with other dogs to acquire it.

Some types of mites can live away from the host for a certain period of time. This explains why your pet may suddenly get affected by mange even if they don't associate with other dogs. This is especially true in areas where stray dogs are frequent.

 

Symptoms of MangeThe Signs of Mange in Dogs. Excessive itching and hair loss are just a few of the symptoms of dog mange.

Mange is a serious skin disease caused by mites. Such parasites will attack in big numbers and cause severe damages to the ears, face, and limbs of dogs. There are many signs indicating that a dog is suffering from mange.
Here are the most common ones:

 

  • Excessive itching

  • Dogs itch and scratch a lot. For most pets, that's normal. However, if they scratch too hard and too often, causing red sores on their skins, then the problem is not a simple skin disease. Mange may be causing this behavior.

  • Hair loss

  • When mites attack, the body parts where they burrow themselves into get affected. Hair loss is the most common sign. If in some parts the hair of your dog seems a little thin, the skin shows red blisters and sores, chances are your pet is suffering from mange. It is best that you take it to the vet right away before the problem gets any worse.

  • Dry, crusty and thickened skin

  • The moment the skin of your dog becomes exposed due to hair loss, check it thoroughly. Hair loss can be caused by a lot of diseases and mange is just one of them. Your dog has mange if their skin is extremely dry and wrinkled. These are the signs that parasites have invaded the skin of your dog and are continuing to damage it.

  • Strong, foul odor

  • As mites invade the skin area, they will reproduce massively. In this case, a dog will experience severe itching. Your dog will scratch its skin all day. As your dog scratches different body parts, the mites will start to spread. When mites increase in number, the odor of your dog changes. Dogs with mange develop odor similar to that of a strong cheese or like athlete's foot.

  • Sores and blisters

  • As with most skin disorders, the presence of sores, reddening, and blisters on the skin are expected. You know the problem is worse when there's blood, open wounds, or severe inflammation on the affected areas. At such point, it is best that you take your dog to the veterinarian for first aid and for continual medication.

    These are the symptoms of mange on dogs. If your dog exhibits any of these signs, contact a veterinarian immediately. Dog mange can easily be treated during the early stages. Otherwise, the veterinarian might need to employ a more aggressive form of treatment. In the most severe cases, even the strongest antibiotics can't guarantee the full recovery.

     

    Diagnosis of Mange in Dogs

    If you suspect that your dog is suffering from mange, it is best that you take it to the vet right away. The veterinarian will then carry out different procedures to check whether or not your dog is suffering from mange, or if it has an entirely different disease. If the skin lesions are indeed caused by mange, the necessary course of treatment will be performed.

    To diagnose dog mange, here are the normal veterinary procedures:

    • Physical exams
    • The first course of diagnosis would be a physical exam. The veterinarian will check the scrapings on your dog, along with its general health condition and its behavior. They may take a scab or a scraping sample for further analysis. The skin of dogs affected with mange is usually dried out, flaky, and sore. Hair loss is apparent as well.

    • Sample analysis
    • Most mites are microscopic. This means that they are not visible to the naked eye. Veterinarians will have to use a powerful microscope to determine what kind of mites are present in your pet's body. This procedure is very important because it will direct the vet to the right course of treatment in order to get rid of all the parasites present in your dog's body.

    • Isolation techniques
    • Mange is a highly contagious skin disease. As such, other dogs are susceptible to acquiring mange, especially if you have several pets living together. In the course of diagnosis, some vets will need to confine the dog to fully observe its condition.
      They will be placed in a kennel where they won't be in contact with other animals. This way, the trends and effects of the disease are easily observed. This is important so that the right course of treatment can be carried out.

    • Blood samples
    • Certain mites can penetrate the blood. Because the blood of the dog suffering from mites may have altered, veterinarians will need samples for further analysis. Blood samples may also reveal what type of mites have infested your pet and how they can be flushed out. The types of antibiotics to use may also depend on the results of the blood sample.

    • Mites observation and dissection
    • Mites obtained from the dog are best observed with a dissection microscope. By doing so, vets would be able to see for sure what your pet is afflicted with. If regular mites have caused the disease, there should not be a problem, as the regular course of treatment is sufficient. Problems will occur if rare or newer types of mites have penetrated the skin of your pet.

    Home Remedies for Mange in Dogs

    Mange is a severe skin problem that needs to be addressed immediately. However, in case you can't visit a veterinarian right away, these home remedies might help. Keep in mind that home remedies only provide temporary relief for your pet. Thorough diagnosis and several visits to the veterinarian are still the best solutions for this problem.

    Here are some effective home remedies for dog mange:

    • Cooking oil
    • To provide soothing relief from mites, all you need is a few drops of cooking oil directly applied on the affected areas. Cooking oil helps soften the waxy deposits that mites create on the surface of the dog's skin. It can also kill a good number of mites in the process.

    • Lukewarm soapy water
    • If there's no cooking oil around, lukewarm soapy water is a good alternative. Like cooking oil, a few drops of warm water with soap can clean off the mites present in the dog's skin. It will also disinfect the affected areas so that the problem will not spread on the other parts of the body.

    • Green leafy vegetables and herbs
    • A good diet is always conducive to good health. If your dogs are suffering from mange, it is best that you give them a nutritional, raw food diet as advised by the veterinarian. Your dog's diet should consist of finely chopped green vegetables along with herbs such as olive leaf extract, astragulus, cat's claw, and kyolic garlic.

    • Maximum hygiene
    • Dogs with mange should bathe as often as necessary. Clean the dog's kennel and living area regularly. Doing this may not directly treat the disease, but it will definitely prevent the parasites from proliferating. Make sure that your dog's bedding is washed very often. Keep in mind that mites can transfer to humans, so you have to be extra careful with your dog's belongings, especially if it lives inside the house with you.

    • Lavander oil, almond oil, and neem oil
    • The combination of these oils is a good topical treatment for mange. Apply it after your dog has taken a bath. For maximum results, apply it on the affected areas twice daily. Use one part lavender oil, nine parts almond oil, and one part neem oil for best results.

    • Yellow dock extract and Echinacea extract
    • If you happen to have easy access to these herbal extracts, mix ten drops of each in 4 ounces of distilled water. Apply the resulting solution on the affected parts, and the skin disease should heal in time.

     

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    Information in this article is about, dog mange information symptoms, treatment and options and kinds of mange and more.

    Special Thanks To Mange In Dogs A Complete Guide To Dog Mange. Wonderful help from wonderful people.

     

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